Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 - 3 April 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic era. He was the great master of symphonic and sonata whose works display an ever-control of movement and focus. Born into a low-income family, Brahms supported himself by performing at different bars. Through that, he was able to learn more about music. At age 14, Brahms had his first solo public performance as a pianist. He also earned a living by playing at dance halls and taverns. Brahms' early compositions were chamber works, concertos, piano music, and choral works. He started writing symphonies in 1857 when he worked as a master of music for the Prince of Lippe-Detmold. Before he died of liver cancer, Brahms was given an honorary degree by Cambridge University.
He was already a talented musician by the time Brahms was in his teens, and the family relied on his earnings from nearby inns, brothels, and docks to help them get by. Robert Schumann, a prominent German composer and music critic, met Brahms in 1853 and introduced him to the young composer. There was an instant bond between Schumann and his young companion. Schumann saw immense promise for the future of music in this young guy. In a well-known essay, he called Brahms "a young eagle" and called him "a genius." With such warm remarks, the young composer immediately became well-known in the music industry.
But the music industry was likewise at a turning point. The "New German School" of modernist composers, led by Franz Liszt and Richard Wagner, scorned Schumann's more conventional style. Organic structure and harmonic flexibility were at the heart of their music, which was inspired by literature. Schumann and Brahms saw this new sound as a kind of self-indulgence that devalued artists like Bach and Beethoven. Schumann became unwell in 1854. To show how close he was to both Schumann and his family, Brahms helped Clara, Schumann's wife, with home chores. Although she doesn't seem to have returned his enthusiasm, many musicologists think that Brahms quickly fell in love with Clara. They were close friends even after Schumann's death in 1856.
From 1859 through 1865, Brahms had a variety of positions, including one as director of a women's chorus in Hamburg. In addition, he kept working on his own compositions. String Sextet in B-flat Major" and "Piano Concerto No. 1 in D Minor" were among the works he composed. Before long in the early 1860s, Brahms made his first trip to Vienna, wherein 1863 he was chosen director of the Singakademie choral ensemble, where his compositions for the group focused on historical and contemporary pieces for voices in unaccompanied harmony.
Most of Brahms' works were well-received in Vienna. He was the Society of Friends of Music's chief conductor by the early 1870s. For three seasons, he also served as music director of the Vienna Philharmonic. His own work was also carried on. When his mother died in 1868, he completed "A German Requiem," one of the most significant works of choral music of the 19th century, based on Biblical scriptures. The composition has a chorus, soloists, and a full orchestra in a multilayered arrangement. Brahms also made contributions that were of a more mellow nature. Waltzes and two-piano duet volumes of "Hungarian Dances" were among his works during this time period.
Johannes Brahms was never wed. Brahms had a limited series of romances after his unsuccessful effort to make Clara Schumann his sweetheart. In 1858, he had an affair with Agathe von Siebold, which he immediately, for reasons he never fully understood, ended. It seems that Brahms had an easy time falling in love. According to one tale, he was forced to reject offering piano lessons to a lady because of his feelings for her.. Brahms was a very stubborn and unyielding figure who was also noted for his blunt and sardonic demeanor among grownups. He had a soft side when it came to youngsters, often throwing out penny candies to children he came across in his Vienna neighborhood. He was also a fan of the great outdoors, and he liked lengthy hikes in the woods.
Throughout his whole life, Brahms stayed in Vienna and never left it. During the summer, he toured Europe extensively, and he also performed on the road. All of Brahms' music was performed during these concerts, and he led or played it himself. In the 1880s and 1890s, he had an ever-increasing selection of compositions from which to choose. All three of these pieces, as well as the violin sonata in D minor, are examples of his compositional output. On top of it, he completed "String Quintets in F and G Major."
Brahms collaborated with clarinetist Richard Muhlfeld on a number of chamber music compositions in his last decade, including "Trio for Clarinet, Cello, and Piano," "Quintet for Clarinet and Strings," and "Adagio for Clarinet and Piano." The composer was able to have a decent existence in his senior years. Brahms' work had been selling well since at least 1860, and he lived a modest life in a tiny apartment, far from being ostentatious or extravagant. Brahms was a successful stock market investor. As a result of his financial success and kind nature, Brahms is often considered to be one of the greatest composers of the 20th century.
Brahms' dedication to his profession demonstrated that he was a perfectionist, as seen by his work. Some 20-string quartets were among the ones he destroyed because he felt they weren't good enough. Brahms claimed to have given up composing in 1890, but it was just a temporary posture, and he was soon back at it. Brahms finished "Vier ernste Gesange" in his last years, drawing inspiration from both the Old and New Testaments. Death, as an escape from the excesses and misery of the corporeal world, served as a revelation for the composer.
Brahms was clearly thinking about death when he wrote his music. Clara, an old acquaintance who had been ailing for some time, died on May 20, 1896. Brahms' health started to decline during this period. His liver was found to be in terrible health by doctors. At the end of March of that year, Brahms performed his last concert in Vienna. He died on April 3, 1897, a month after he was diagnosed with cancer problems.