Haydn, Franz Joseph
Joseph Franz Haydn was an Austrian composer of the Classical era. He helped set the forms and techniques for the string quartet and the symphony. He got primary education in music from his cousin when Haydn was a boy. He was later choralist of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, where he acquired functional music but no theory. Haydn taught himself mostly through his musical studies after being evicted because his voice changed.
Haydn was a remarkably prolific musician, and some of his most popular works include the London Symphonies, The Creation, Trumpet Concerto, and Cello Concerto No. 2 in D Major. His works are often described as light, brilliant, and sophisticated. Haydn's music is known for its humor. The most famous example is the sudden loud chord in the slow movement of his "Surprise" symphony; Haydn's many other musical jokes include numerous false endings (e.g., in the quartets Op. 33 No. 2 and Op. 50 No. 3), and the remarkable rhythmic illusion placed in the trio section of the third movement of Op. 50 No. 1.
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