Eugène Ysae was a Belgian violinist, conductor, and composer known for his interpretations of string works by French and Belgian composers.
Ysae toured Norway, Russia, and France after a year as the conductor of an orchestra in Berlin. He taught violin at the Brussels Conservatory from 1886 to 1897. In 1894, he started a series of orchestral concerts in Brussels that included much new music. He formed the Ysae Quartet in the same year, and Claude Debussy dedicated his string quartet. Ysae was the conductor of the Cincinnati (Ohio) Symphony Orchestra from 1918 to 1922. Ysae was noted for his virtuosity, expressiveness, and extensive use of vibrato in his playing. César Franck (who influenced his early style), Camille Saint-Saens, Vincent d'Indy, and Gabriel Fauré were all influenced by him. Six sonatas for unaccompanied violin, with novel chordal and pizzicato effects, are among his best works. He also composed eight violin concertos, chamber works, and Piér li Houen (1931; "Peter the Miner"), a Walloon dialect opera.
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