Gabriel Fauré (12 May 1845 - 4 November 1924) was a French composer of the Romantic era. At a young age, Fauré's musical talents were visible. He learned piano with Camille Saint-Saëns, who introduced Franz Liszt's and Richard Wagner's music. In 1863, Fauré published his first piano composition, Trois romances sans paroles. His gentle and soothing music shaped the course of contemporary French music. Fauré excelled as a songwriter of immense maturity and sensibility and as a composer of chamber music. He composed over 100 songs, including "Après un rêve" (c. 1865) and "Les Roses d'Ispahan" (1884). He enriched the piano's literature with several unique and impeccably crafted compositions, possibly the most prominent and well-established: his 13 nocturnes, 13 barcaroles, and five impromptus.
Fauré's reputation as a composer has not waned with time. He produced his musical idiom, evoking the aura of eternally fresh art by the subtle application of old modes; he anticipated Impressionism procedures through the use of unresolved mild discords and special coloristic effects; in his piano works, he shunned virtuosity in favor of the Classical lucidity of the French masters of the clavecin; the precisely articulated melodic line of his songs, His great Requiem and Élégie for Cello and Piano, have become standard works.
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