Arcangelo Corelli (17 February 1653 – 8 January 1713) was a Baroque musician and composer from Italy. His work was instrumental in creating contemporary sonata and concerto genres and establishing the violin's priority and the first fusion of modern tonality and functional harmony. There is no current evidence to back up anecdotes of travels outside of Italy to France, Germany, and Spain. The story that Corelli's continental renown came from a journey to Paris when he was nineteen when he was driven out by a jealous Jean-Baptiste Lully, which seems to have started with Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Corelli was also said to have spent time in Germany, allegedly in 1681, in the service of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, and at the home of his friend and fellow violinist-composer Cristiano Farinelli (between 1680 and 1685). Corelli was undoubtedly active in Rome by 1675; when "Arcangelo Bolognese" was hired to play as one of the supporting violinists in lenten oratorios at the church of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini, as well as in the French national celebrations held each year on August 25 at San Luigi dei Francesi and during the ordination of a member of the powerful In August 1676, he was already performing at San Luigi dei Francesi as the second violinist to the famous Carlo Mannelli. Even though Rome lacked a permanent orchestra that could provide stable employment for instrumentalists, Corelli quickly established himself by performing in various ensembles sponsored by wealthy patrons, including Cardinal Benedetto Pamphili, for whom he performed in Lenten oratorios at San Marcello from 1676 to 1679. His grand concerti have a long history in Western culture. Corelli's Op. 6 No. 2 supplied the subject for Sir Michael Tippett's Fantasia Concertante on a Theme of Corelli, and a part of the Christmas Concerto, Op. 6 No. 8, is used on the soundtrack of the film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World.
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