In 20th century classical music, Alan Hovhaness places among the most intrepid among artistic adventurers. In the late 1950s, he started to be a highly recorded and lauded American composer and received several awards. He was aesthetically ahead of his period with his "world view" of music and an always chaste, deliberately melodic style, but has undergone more of a resurgence since the 1990s when fans have "caught up" with him. There remains a comparatively moderate academic commentary on Hovhaness in certain stages of his six decades of innovation in the wealth of radical uniqueness. This is quite shocking considering that he was firmly rooted among the maverick community of American composers during the 1940s and 50s (others included Henry Cowell, Jonn Cage, and Lou Harrison) who pioneered one of the significant changes in American music of the 20th century, namely that of searching for the artistic rebirth of art music to non-Western cultures. Moreover, as early as the 1940s, Hovhaness spearheaded quasi-aleatoric textural music, a technique that became recognized in the 1960s as 'ad libitum.'
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