Chopin, Frédéric François
Frédéric François Chopin, a Polish-French pianist, and composer, was one of the pioneers of the romantic character piece. The piano appears in many of his pieces. Frédéric Chopin's inventive schemes for his piano parts contain the following features: emphasis on one motive in preludes and études; elaboration of dance styles in mazurkas, waltzes, polonaises, the Bolero, and the Tarantella; improvisational results from piano figurations in nocturnes; and episodic, vigorous composition in broader works such as scherzos, ballades, impromptus, and the Chopin devised modern figurations, delicate traceries, and intricate quasivocal fioriture for use at the keyboard in an age when the piano was becoming the preeminent solo instrument in both the home and the concert hall. He didn't write any symphonies, operas, string quartets, or trios (piano, violin, and cello). He is well known for his musical miniatures, all of which are beyond the technological reach of amateurs, in addition to his two important sonatas and two piano concertos. Chopin was not a conductor, a music editor, or a brilliant instructor (though he did gain a lot of money from it), and he didn't do a lot of concertizing. Indeed, he is a peculiar phenomenon: a renowned pianist who only gave about 30 public performances during his lifetime. His playing was characterized as calm, regulated, and exquisitely shaded, ranging from pianissimo to mezzo forte with only a few fortissimos.
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