Richard Strauss was a German composer of the Romantic era. He was the father of modern opera music and was renowned for his symphonic poems. The traditional repertoire has been unmistakable with his symphonic poetry in the 1890s and his operas in the subsequent decade. The two most optimistic tone poetry by Strauss, Don Quichotte, and Ein Heldenleben (A Hero's Life), premiered at the same time in 1898 and 1899. He first had an operatic hit with Salome in Dresden in the following year, based on the play of Oscar Wilde. Although some found Salome blasphemous and indecent, it succeeded in any major opera house except in Vienna, in which Gustav Mahler was prohibited by the censor.
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