Beethoven, Ludwig van
Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer of the Classical era. He was a significant innovator, extending the sonata, symphony, concerto, and quartet reach. He used to play viola in the Bonn symphony until he moved to Vienna in 1787. By 1802, 32 of his piano sonatas, his first two symphonies, 18 string Quartets, and his first three piano concertos were written. Unfortunately, however, the deafness, which had been noticed about five to six years before, started hitting him even harder around this time. There is a story circulating concerning his deafness, that about the end of conduction the 9th, he stood in front of the symphony not knowing how the crowd applauded their performance because he could not hear them at all. To witness the effect of his masterpiece on the audience, he had to be turned around. Late in his life, until his death, he continued to create compositions. He was buried in Vienna with honors, with over 10,000 people attending his funeral. Ludwig van Beethoven gained popularity for his piano performances and became prominent among the aristocracy because of his ability to improvise.
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