Arne, Thomas Augustine
The English baroque school's most prolific and influential native composer was Thomas Augustine Arne (1710-1778). Rosamond was Arne's first significant work, a setting of Joseph Addison's poem (1733) Arne married Cecelia Young, a soprano who later gave excellent Handel performances. Artaxerxes (1762), an opera seria with a libretto adapted from a play by the Italian dramatist Metastasio, was his most ambitious production. Drury Lane productions included "Under the Greenwood Tree," "When Daisies Pied," and "Where the Bee Sucks." "Rule, Britannia," which is now known as "Ode in Honour of Great Britain," is his most famous creation. His music for Vauxahll Garden, as well as Mary-le-bone and Ranelagh gardens, was highly successful. Arne was given the doctor of music degree by Oxford University in 1759. Arne's Madrigal Club captures and glees have proven to be long-lasting works for social and school singing clubs. Some consider his second oratorio, Judith, to be one of his best compositions. Arne also composed piano concertos, orchestral overtures, harpsichord lessons (or sonatas), and trio sonatas. His main strength was composing melodic lines that were elegant, expressive, and unforgettable.
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