Hubay, Jeno

Jeno Hubay (15 September 1858 – 12 March 1937), a well-known Hungarian violinist, pedagogue, and composer, started his violin studies with his father, Karoly Huber (1828-1885), leader and conductor of the National Theatre Orchestra and violin professor at the National Conservatorium. Jeno made his public appearance at 11 when he performed a concerto. From the autumn of 1873, he continued his studies in Berlin with Joseph Joachim, the most renowned violin instructor of the time. He ended his studies in the spring of 1876 and moved to Hungary. He became acquainted with Franz Liszt, and they played the 12th Rhapsody and L.v. Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata together several times. On the recommendation of F. Liszt, Jeno Hubay moved to Paris in May 1878 and rapidly became a favorite guest in the city's musical salons. He went on to do popular concert tours in France, England, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Hungary during the next several years. He encountered Henri Vieuxtemps shortly after landing in Paris, who saw a continuation of his artistry in the young Hungarian and taught him for a while. Vieuxtemps recommended Hubay for the role of Professor of Violin at the Brussels Conservatoire, where he and Wieniawski had previously occupied. Hubay was named to one of Europe's most prominent musical roles by the Belgian King on February 8, 1882. He created a string quartet while in Brussels. 

Jeno Hubay stayed for four and a half years, moving to Hungary in the summer of 1886 at the invitation of the Minister of Education to take over as director of the violin school at the Budapest Academy of Music (succeeding his father). He settled in Budapest and swapped his life as a wandering virtuoso for that of a musician and an influential figure in Hungary's musical life. He was the Director of the Budapest Academy of Music from 1919 to 1934. He founded one of the world's foremost violin schools here. Stefi Geyer (Béla Bartók's first love, to whom he dedicated his first violin concerto), Ferenc Vecsey, and József Szigeti were among the first exceptional talents to emerge at the turn of the century, followed by Emil Telmanyi, Eddy Brown, Jelly d'Aranyi (Joachim's niece who was popular in England and France and collaborated on Maurice Ravel's Tzigan Hubay founded the renowned Hubay String Quartet in Budapest with cellist David Popper, a fellow cellist at the College. Similarly, Hubay's department generated a long line of string quartets, including the Waldbauer-Kerpely, Hauser-Son, Lener, Roth, and Vegh. He has played chamber music with Brahms on many occasions, including the world premiere of Johannes Brahms' Piano Trio Op. 101. Jeno Hubay wrote four concertos as well as a significant number of encores. His concertos contain themes from Hungarian Gypsy songs, and his "gentle breeze" pieces are written in the spirit of German romantics such as Felix Mendelssohn and Robert Schumann, with elements of his chamber music collaborator, cellist David Popper's compositional style. Several operas, including The Venus of Milo, The Violin-Maker of Cremona, The Mask, and Anna Karenina after Leo Tolstoy, are among his works. The Venus of Milo's opening is built on whole-tone scales and archaisms, which might be intended to reflect an ancient atmosphere. He was the editor of Kreutzer's (1898) violin études, as well as Rode's, Mayseder's, and Saint Lubin's (1910).

Violin Compositions of Jeno Hubay | Animato Strings


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