Alessandro Marcello was a Venetian composer and nobleman. He released numerous collections of instrumental concerts in his capacity as a member of the Arcadian Academy, a society of famous artists, and under the Arcadian pseudonym Eterio Stinfalico. The most popular concerto of Alessandro Marcello is for oboe, strings, and continuo, transcribed by Johann Sebastian Bach among a set of concerto transcriptions for solo harpsichord. In 1719, he was named head of the Florentine Accad ia degli Animosi. While there, he became instrumental in expanding their musical instruments collection. Most of these same instruments are still present today held and exhibited in the National Museum of Musical Instruments in Rome.
Marcello is regarded as a very competent composer. His La Cetra concertos are "unusual for their wind solo parts, concision, and use of counterpoint within a broadly Vivaldian style," according to Grove, "placing them as a last outpost of the classic Venetian Baroque concerto." The Concerto for Oboe and Strings in D minor op. 1 is perhaps his best-known work. Its worth was affirmed by Johann Sebastian Bach who transcribed it for harpsichord (BWV 974). A number of editions have been published, including an edition in C minor because the baroque oboe played a whole tone lower than the modern oboe.
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