Enrique Granados was a Spanish composer of the Romantic era. At age 16, Granados made his debut as a pianist. In Barcelona, Granados studied composition with the father of Spanish nationalism music, Felipe Pedrell. He continued learning piano while staying in Paris in 1887. He returned to Barcelona in 1889 and became a leading pianist and gained considerable success with his 12 Danza Spañolas. His passion in the 18th century is expressed in his tonadillas, songs composed in the "old style." In a very abstract poetic style, he composed thoroughly and fluently for the piano. His masterpieces, the Goyescas (1911-13) of Francisco Goya, are reflections on Francisco de Goya's works. They were adapted as an opera, which premiered in 1916 in New York City. Granados led the evolution toward nationalism in late 19th-century Spanish music.
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