Enrique Granados was a Spanish composer of the Romantic era. At age 16, Granados made his debut as a pianist. In Barcelona, Granados studied composition with the father of Spanish nationalism music, Felipe Pedrell. He continued learning piano while staying in Paris in 1887. He returned to Barcelona in 1889 and became a leading pianist and gained considerable success with his 12 Danza Spañolas. Granados established himself as a pianist of the front rank, and his 12 Danzas españolas achieved great popularity.
The first of his seven operas, María del Carmen, was produced in 1898. In 1900 Granados founded a short-lived classical-concerts society and his own piano school, which produced a number of distinguished players. His interest in the 18th century is reflected in his tonadillas, songs written: “in the ancient style.” He wrote extensively and fluently for the piano, in a somewhat diffuse, Romantic style. His masterpieces, the Goyescas (1911–13), are reflections of Francisco de Goya’s paintings and tapestries. They were adapted as an opera, which premiered in 1916 in New York City. Granados led the evolution toward nationalism in late 19th-century Spanish music.
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